Check for dead or damaged branches and remove them as well. Dwarf varieties grow 1 to 3 feet tall, compact varieties grow 5 to 6 feet tall, and large varieties grow 10 to 13 feet tall. Shred and compost healthy green trimmings. Otherwise, pruning viburnum is a chore you tackle at specific times in the life of the plant. Leaves look much like those of Viburnum opulus; they emerge reddish tinged, mature to dark green, turn yellow to red-purple in fall. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Space the cuts evenly across the width of the viburnum. Prune the snowball bush in early summer to encourage fresh, new growth. Growing as wide as tall, maturing at 10'. Shape and thin as needed but, keep in mind that you are removing this autumn's fruit. Attaining tree size at 12' by 12', clusters of tiny white flowers resembling snowballs cover the plant in spring. Melody Lee holds a degree in landscape design, is a Florida Master Gardener, and has more than 30 years of gardening experience. You might read that they need a lot of moisture, but in my experience and over the last few years of drought, they have done well with little water and mulch over the roots. Remove water spouts, or suckers, from around the base of the snowball bush as they occur throughout the year. Pruning in March The winter snowball and the Guelder rose differ from other Viburnum varieties. Prune out any diseased, damaged or dead shoots using long-handled loppers or a saw if necessary And finally, thin out crowded shoots and any badly positioned ones that spoil the shrub’s appearance Pruning to shape the viburnum shrub, should be done straight after flowering because these shrubs only flower on old wood. Once eastablished it will need little or no pruning. They can be deciduous, evergreen or semi-evergreen, depending on species. Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum opulus , commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Remove damaged, dead or diseased limbs with lopping shears or hand pruners. If you prune … 10 Oct, 2012 Answers Seaburngirl I used to have one and never really sussed it out so I resorted to pruning out a 1/3 every year in the spring. Note that blooming only occurs on growth from the previous year. Discard the pruned flower heads into a compost bin. Rinse them well and let them air dry before use. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. Use hedge pruners to shear bushes that are part of a hedge. All Rights Reserved. You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the name snowball bush. Clean your pruning shears carefully afterward to prevent the spread of disease. She currently works as a writer and copy editor. Varieties of the European cranberry bushes have a better taste than the species. However, they perform best with occasional pruning to improve their shape and foliage production. The berries of the species European cranberry bushes are edible, but have a bitter, acidic taste. Some varieties have yellow berries. European cranberry bushes bloom in late spring to early summer with white flowers. Trim viburnum back one third every year after the flowers are done blooming, but before the plant sets out seed pods. Cut them back to their point of origin. Cut off the branches at the base and discard the pruned branch into a green waste can rather than into a compost heap. Thin out old and weak limbs by cutting them at ground level with hand pruners or lopping shears. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Heavy pruning should only be done at this time since you can easily destroy next year’s flowers by removing old wood. When And How To Prune Viburnum Shrubs And Bushes Posted by Brent Wilson on 8/31/2016 to Pruning Tips Viburnums do not require pruning, however, plants can be pruned for shaping purposes, to remove damaged or dead branches, and many taller growers can be pruned to form a very attractive single- or multi-trunk small tree. Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum opulus , commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. European snowball bush, also known as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Shred and compost healthy green trimmings. Commonly called snowball bush, Viburnum opulus "Roseum" is a deciduous shrub cultivar prized for its round, white flower clusters and spreading growth habit. Prune limbs that are rubbing or crossed with hand pruners or lopping shears to prevent future damage to involved limbs. Growing Snowball from stem cuttings To propagate cuttings take softwood cuttings from fully grown snowball trees, do this early in the morning. Viburnum, includes Highbush Cranberry (Opulus and Sub S. Triloba), Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Doublefile, Korean Spice, Juddi, Arrowwood and Wayfaring Tree. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. However, doing it isn’t necessary and prevents the plant from growing berries. Red berries follow in early fall. For best results grow Viburnum opulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to full shade. During the year, remove any … The berries of the species European cranberry bushes are edible, but have a bitter, acidic taste. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. This increases air circulation and encourages new growth. Similar to the species but coarser, heavier branching, giving it a "masculine" look during the winter months. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Snowball bushes are adaptable and will thrive with little hands-on care or upkeep. Mulch in spring with a thick layer of well-rotted manure or leaf mould. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' - Common Snowball is a large deciduous specimen shrub that blooms heavily in the Spring. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches. Very little pruning is required – simply trim to shape after flowering, taking care not to remove all spent blooms as these turn into beautiful red berries. Perform this type of pruning no more than once every five years. Pruning Cranberry Viburnum Should I prune my dwarf cranberrybush viburnum? Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. Blooms midspring, bearing lace-cap flowers to 4 inches across. Do this each year, always cutting out the older branches of course, and you will have a steady supply of … Use a clean saw to remove the older branches if the pruning shears are too small. With young shrubs, you can guide their growth by choosing an attractive upright stem and then pinching out some side shoots to create a balanced, open plant. You can prune European cranberry bushes immediately after flowering, which will decrease the number of berries, or after the fruit falls from the bush in early winter. Make cuts at a 30-degree angle at a bud or joint. Thin out the center of the snowball bush to improve air circulation among the branches. The species grow 10 feet tall and wide. Trim the foliage back evenly and smoothly to maintain the desired shape and form of the bush and hedge. Prune off the flower heads once the individual blossoms fade from pale pink to a dirty, light beige color. The 7.6cm flower clusters are apple-green when they start and then change to white. Viburnum Opulus or Snowball Viburnum Another trendy bush, snowball viburnum is easy to manage and grows into a dense mound. Varieties of the European cranberry bushes have a better taste than the species. Snip the stem off 1/4 inch above a pair of leaves. When pruning any evergreen shrub (except old, overgrown shrubs, see below), aim to remove about one-third of older wood in total. Destroy diseased and dead trimmings to prevent the spread of infection. Viburnum opulus is also known as the Guelder Rose and European Cranberry bush and is probably best known for ‘roseum’ or ‘Snowball Tree’, a sterile cultivar which is cutting grown. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. It is often used as hedging or specimen plantings and can be formed into tree form by topiary pruning. Can't get enough of the gorgeous snowball bush? Avoid planting extremely hot droughty or dry exposed, cold These shrubs should be pruned after they have bloomed. Producing masses of large long lasting white ‘snowball’ flowers in spring, V. opulus ‘roseum’ is a showy plant and like the species has nice autumn foliage to go with it. Cut back the entire snowball bush to within 6 inches of the ground if it begins to look scraggly or unappealing with age.
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